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“Third-party posts from Ed Slott’s IRA Blog:”

IRA BLOG

ILLIQUID ASSETS AND IRA RMDS

By Beverly DeVeny IRA Analyst I get the same question every year at year end. “My client has an illiquid IRA and can’t take his RMD. Can we just write a note to IRS explaining the problem?” Every year my answer is the same. “NO.” What is an RMD? It is...

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IRA CONTRIBUTIONS & QCDS: TODAY’S SLOTT REPORT MAILBAG

By Andy Ives, CFP®, AIF® IRA Analyst Question: Mr. Slott, My spouse turned 70 on June 27th, 2018, so in December 2018 she will be 70 ½. She would like to complete a Qualified Charitable Distribution (QCD). Does the QCD need to be dated from December 27 to December 31,...

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POST DEATH PLANNING FOR IRAS WITH MULTIPLE BENEFICIARIES

By Jeremy T. Rodriguez, JD IRA Analyst One piece of advice we commonly reiterate is, when you inherit an IRA or other retirement plan asset, touch nothing! That’s because many transactions cannot be undone, and the IRS rarely grants relief simply because the taxpayer...

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THE GRINCH RECOMMENDS 3 IRA TAX SCHEMES…THAT DON’T WORK!

By Andy Ives, CFP®, AIF® IRA Analyst It turns out the Grinch stirs up a blizzard of trouble beyond stealing Christmas trees and presents from the innocent Whos down in Whoville. That candy cane he slipped out of Cindy Lou’s fingers? Child’s play. The breadcrumb he...

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REVOCATION-ON-DIVORCE – IT MATTERS WHERE YOU LIVE

By Andy Ives, CFP®, AIF® IRA Analyst Twenty-six states have adopted revocation-on-divorce statutes similar to each other, and these statutes are impacting court decisions. Example #1: The U.S. Supreme Court, in an 8 – 1 ruling just this past June, concluded that life...

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TRADITIONAL AND ROTH – RELATED, BUT NOT TWINS

By Andy Ives, CFP®, AIF® IRA Analyst Tim and Robert are identical twins. They wear the same clothes. They have similar hair styles. They have similar jobs and similar incomes. Tim and Robert are both concerned about taxes, and they agree that saving money for the...

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HAPPY THANKSGIVING! WE ARE THANKFUL FOR THESE 5 IRA RULES

By Sarah Brenner, JD IRA Analyst Thanksgiving is only a few days away. This is a time when we gather together and express our gratitude for all the good things in our lives. When it comes to our retirement accounts, we too often complain about the negatives, such as...

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401(K) AND IRA RMDS: TODAY’S SLOTT REPORT MAILBAG

By Andy Ives, CFP®, AIF® IRA Analyst Question: I am 70 ½ and still working in 2018.  If I work part time (still employed) in 2019, can I delay my 401K RMD until 2020? Best regards, Will Answer: Will, If you are still employed by the company that is offering the 401(k)...

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RETIREMENT ENHANCEMENT AND SAVINGS ACT OF 2018 – RESA

By Andy Ives, CFP®, AIF® IRA Analyst There is a 131-page bill currently working its way through the U.S. legislature. The proposal would amend the Internal Revenue Code and encourage retirement savings. While the “Retirement Enhancement and Savings Act of 2018,” or...

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ROLLING OVER YOUR IRA? BE CAREFUL WITH YOUR RMD

By Sarah Brenner, JD IRA Analyst The road to retirement is long. Along the way you may need to move the funds in your IRA. When that time comes, you will want to be sure that everything is done correctly. Moving your retirement funds can be tricky and the consequences...

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TRACKING BASIS WITH IRS FORM 8606

By Jeremy T. Rodriguez, JD IRA Analyst Like other accounts, distributions from IRAs of basis comes out tax-free. In this setting, basis would include both nondeductible IRA contributions and after-tax funds rolled over from company plans. While after-tax funds in an...

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TAKING DISASTER RECOVERY FUNDS FROM RETIREMENT PLANS

By Beverly DeVeny IRA Analyst After Hurricanes Harvey, Irma and Maria in 2017, Congress passed special legislation allowing expanded access to retirement plan funds for individuals affected by those storms.  Congress also previously enacted that sort of legislation...

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A NOT SO SIMPLE DISCUSSION ON SIMPLE IRAS

By Jeremy T. Rodriguez, JD IRA Analyst SIMPLE IRAs are popular retirement vehicles for small businesses. They are relatively cheap to adopt and are easy to understand and administer. However, that doesn’t mean problems do not arise. Routinely, we see issues involving...

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COMBINING INHERITED IRAS AND THEIR RMDS

By Beverly DeVeny IRA Analyst IRA owners can clearly combine the accounts they own and they can combine the required minimum distributions (RMDs) from multiple IRAs and take them from any one or combination of their IRAs. But what are the rules for inherited IRAs? An...

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SIMPLE INHERITED IRA SCREW-UP RESULTS IN A $9,000 TAX BILL

By Jeremy T. Rodriguez, JD IRA Analyst Legal training is less about memorization and more about understanding how to break down complex problems. With that mind, I often suggest that people understand the law and not try to memorize it. Why was it enacted and what is...

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WHY IRA BENEFICIARIES SHOULD NAME THEIR OWN BENEFICIARIES

By Beverly DeVeny IRA Analyst I just had a call from an advisor with a “complicated” scenario. “Ralph” died and left his IRA to his spouse “Alice.” Ralph was 62 in the year he died. Alice did nothing with the IRA. It remained an inherited IRA and there were no...

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ARE CHANGES COMING TO THE IRA RULES?

By Sarah Brenner, JD IRA Analyst After last year’s passage of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act, which overhauled the tax code, you might think Congress would be done with tax legislation for a while. That is not the case. While Republican efforts to unleash as second round...

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ROTH IRAS AND THE 5-YEAR RULES

By Jeremy T. Rodriguez, JD IRA Analyst We constantly see questions regarding the distribution rules for Roth IRAs. Personally, I’ve always thought that the failure to understand these rules prevents many from truly appreciating the benefits of these accounts....

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TRUSTS AND BENEFICIARIES: TODAY’S SLOTT REPORT MAILBAG

By Jeremy T. Rodriguez, JD IRA Analyst Question: Hi Read your column in the Chicago Tribune and have learned a lot.  I have a question I don't think you have addressed. I have multiple Roth IRA's that I converted years ago, paid the taxes and they are continuing to...

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7 TAX-FREE HSA DISTRIBUTIONS THAT MAY SURPRISE YOU

By Sarah Brenner, JD IRA Analyst You may understand the basics of how an HSA works. The fundamental premise is not so complicated. If you have a qualifying high deductible health plan you may contribute to an HSA. Then, you can take tax-free distributions to pay for...

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HOW TO MAKE REQUIRED MINIMUM DISTRIBUTIONS WORK FOR YOU

By Jim Glass, JD IRA Analyst As summer ends and fall approaches, so does the season for taking required minimum distributions (RMDs). There is a 50% penalty for failing to take an RMD, so don't miss one. But don't just take an RMD, plan ahead now to make it work for...

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“SEE-THROUGH” TRUSTS – WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW

By Sarah Brenner, JD IRA Analyst You may ask if you should leave your IRA to a trust. This can be a complicated question. Trusts can be complex and retirement accounts are not like other assets. How a Trust Beneficiary Can Get the Stretch If you are thinking a trust...

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ROLLOVERS AND ROTH CONVERSIONS: TODAY’S SLOTT REPORT MAILBAG

By Sarah Brenner, JD IRA Analyst Question: To whom it may concern, Quick question.  Client’s daughter died at age 41. Client is age 71.  Can she combo her daughter’s 401k into her current Traditional IRA since she has to take RMD’s on the traditional and a...

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TIME TO ROLLOVER YOUR EMPLOYER PLAN? KNOW YOUR OPTIONS!

By Beverly DeVeny IRA Analyst For years we saw and heard the commercials – rollover your 401(k) to an IRA. They suggested that this was the only option – and the best option – for you. But it was not the only option; and it might not be the best option for you. Here...

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ROTH IRAS & 72(T) PAYMENTS: TODAY’S SLOTT REPORT MAILBAG

By Jim Glass, JD IRA Analyst Question: Mr. Slott, My 45 year old daughter’s financial advisor has recommended for her NOT to put retirement contributions into a Roth IRA! His reason being that by paying taxes up front for a Roth, there is less money to grow!  Also,...

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BE SURE YOUR IRA BENEFICIARIES ARE DESIGNATED BENEFICIARIES

By Jim Glass, JD IRA Analyst IRAs have beneficiaries and "designated beneficiaries," and it is important to know the difference. If you wish your heirs to have the opportunity to take full advantage of "stretch" IRAs, and to avoid other possibly costly mistakes, be...

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TAKE YOUR RMD LIKE A ROCK STAR

By Sarah Brenner, JD IRA Analyst Follow Us on Twitter: @theslottreport Even rock stars get older. Although it may seem hard to believe, both Steven Tyler of Aerosmith fame and rock legend and reality tv star Ozzy Osborne celebrate their 70th birthdays in 2018. Steven...

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MY FIRST RMD

By Beverly DeVeny IRA Analyst Follow Us on Twitter: @theslottreport Both my husband and I turn 70 this year but only one of us has a required minimum distribution (RMD) from our retirement accounts. Here is why. RMDs begin in the year you turn 70 ½, not 70. He turned...

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THE COST OF MEDICARE PREMIUMS AND YOUR IRA

IRA distributions and Roth IRA conversions can affect the size the Medicare premiums you pay. Here's how, and what to do about it. Means Testing Medicare Medicare consists of four "parts."  Part A, which covers hospital costs, is paid for by the government. But the...

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THE PRO-RATA FORMULA AND INHERITED IRAS

Do you have after-tax dollars in your IRA? This could be from making nondeductible contributions to your IRA or rolling over after-tax funds from your company plan to your IRA. If so, you will want to know about the pro-rata rule. The pro-rata rule is a rule that...

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7 WAYS AN EXCESS IRA CONTRIBUTION CAN HAPPEN TO YOU

Not all contributions to IRAs belong there. When a contribution is not permitted in an IRA, it is an excess contribution and needs to be fixed. Some excess contributions are easy to understand. Others may be a bit trickier to grasp. Here are 7 ways an excess IRA...

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CAN YOU CONTRIBUTE TO A ROTH IRA?

Contributing to a Roth IRA is generally considered to be a good idea. But not everyone is eligible to make an annual contribution. We have seen several cases recently of individuals who contributed for many years until they discovered they were not eligible to make...

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CAN YOU LOSE AN IRA TO MEDICAID?

As Americans live longer, more are eventually coming to need long-term nursing home care.  The cost of this can be devastating to a family. Nursing home care now costs an average of over $85,000 per year, and much more than that in some parts of the country. Medicaid...

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LATE 401(K) DEPOSITS

Every retirement plan custodian has an interactive website that participants can visit, if their employer offers that feature. While all are a little different, the websites all contain access to vital information about your account under the plan. You can review your...

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10 THINGS EVERYONE SHOULD KNOW BEFORE THEY MOVE THEIR IRA

Change can be good. Is your IRA ready for a change? Maybe you are looking for a new type of investment or maybe a new IRA custodian. To change it up with your IRA, you may need to move your IRA funds. Here are 10 things everyone should know before they move their IRA....

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ROLLING OVER IRAS & EXCESS CONTRIBUTIONS: TODAY’S Q&A MAILBAG

Question: My husband passed away this April at 83. I’m 68 and sole beneficiary of his traditional IRA.  I was advised that it didn’t matter if I rolled his IRA into mine and then took his RMD for the year as long as I do so by 12/31/2018.  I rolled his IRA into mine...

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CONGRESS SAYS NO ROTHIFICATION … FOR NOW

When someone keeps telling you not to worry about them doing a certain thing, you know they are thinking about doing that very thing. That’s what Congress is doing with so called “Rothification.” As a review, “Rothification” – as it has become known –  is a way to...

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THE SUPREME COURT HAS AN IRA REMINDER FOR YOU

In the recent case of Sveen v. Melin, the Supreme Court ruled that life insurance proceeds would not go to an ex-spouse, even though her name remained on the beneficiary form after the divorce. Instead, the Court said the Minnesota state statute removing an ex-spouse...

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SELF-DIRECTED IRAS: KNOWING THE LAW IS ONLY HALF THE BATTLE

Many individuals who open IRAs choose to invest in traditional asset classes, such as stocks, bonds, or mutual funds. But for a growing number of people, these options are not enough. Instead, they look to invest in other non-traditional assets. The tax code actually...

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SPLITTING AND SEPARATING IRAS: TODAY’S Q&A MAILBAG

Question:  Is this a question you can help me with? Client’s husband & Wife had a living trust. Attorney suggested that all holdings be put into the trust or make the Trust the beneficiary. Husband died several years ago, in January, 2018 the wife died. There are two...

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DISASTER RELIEF INFORMATION FROM IRS

A lot has changed in the last six months for certain federally declared disaster areas. The Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018 added relief for the California wildfires and mudslides of late 2017. The Disaster Tax Relief and Airport and Airway Extension Act of 2017...

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YOUR IRA MAY GO TO THE GOVERNMENT, BUT YOU GET THE TAX BILL

Did you know your IRA could be escheated to the state as abandoned property? Not many IRA owners are aware of this possibility, but more and more are facing it. Escheatment - Bigger and Badder than Ever The legal theory of escheatment dates way back. It originally...

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Is Your IRA Safe From Creditors?

Suppose you unexpectedly incur a major liability, from a lawsuit or some other unforeseen cause. Will the funds in your IRA be protected from your creditors? Maybe … or maybe not. Here are the rules: Federal Law Protection If you own an IRA that you’ve funded yourself...

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5 Things to Know About Your IRA Agreement

There is a lot of paperwork involved when you open an IRA account. You have to prove to the bank who you are and that your funds are legitimate. There is an account opening form and a beneficiary form to be completed. After you do all of that, then you get a...

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How Having Multiple IRAs Can Help Bequest Planning

Having just one IRA instead of several may simplify paperwork and minimize fees. But when you begin to think about leaving IRA funds to heirs, consider using more than one IRA to do so. Here are reasons why:   Preserve Funds for Bequests in a Roth IRA Statistics show...

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Commingling Inherited Assets and QCDs: Today’s Q&A Mailbag

Question: Dear Mr. Slott, In 2013, my husband was offered a buyout from his employer, Ford Motor Co.  He had been retired since 1999 and so was already receiving a monthly pension check. (My husband had been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s Disease in 2011 and then passed...

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The Death of the DOL Fiduciary Rule?

It now appears that the new fiduciary rules proposed by the Department of Labor (DOL) back in June of 2016 are all but dead. Late last week, the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals rejected a last-minute appeal of its March 15th decision to toss the DOL rules. The appeal...

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Meet the New HSA Limit, Same as the Old HSA Limit

If you have a Health Savings Account (HSA) with family coverage, determining your 2018 contribution limit has been an adventure. This in one of the many unintended consequences of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA). Many of the HSA limits are indexed annually for...

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QCDs and RMDs: Today’s Q&A Mailbag

Question: Can you please advise regarding the following: I’m 63 years old and am required to take a yearly RMD [required minimum distribution] from my deceased Mom’s IRA (BDA).  In order to save on taxes, am I allowed to have my financial institution send the RMD...

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3 Investing Mistakes to Avoid with Your IRA

Beware of making these 3 mistakes with your IRA… 1. Late Investments  If, like so many people, you made your IRA contribution for 2017 only recently in 2018, just before the 2017 tax return filing deadline, you missed earning up to 15 months of pre-tax investment...

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